PURE RESEARCH asks fundamental questions in the field and explores hypotheses experimentally. It searches for pure knowledge that may uncover issues, theories, laws or metaphors that may help explain why things operate as they do, why they are as they are, or, why they appear to look the ways they do. It generates significant new facts, general theories or reflective models where immediate practical application or long-term economic, social or cultural benefits are not a direct objective…
DEVELOPMENTAL RESEARCH serves two purposes: (a) it identifies the limitations of existing knowledge as evolved through Pure research by creating alternative models… [and] (b) it harnesses, tests and reworks existing knowledge so to evolve special methods, tools and resources in preparation for the solving of specific problems, in specific contexts, through Applied research.
APPLIED RESEARCH involves a process of systematic investigation within a specific context in order to solve an identified problem in that context. It aims to create new or improved systems (of thought or production), artifacts, products, processes, materials, devices, or services for long-term economic, social and/or cultural benefit. It… applies… or transfers enhanced knowledge, methods, tools and resources from Pure and Developmental research…The outcomes cannot usually be directly applied to other contexts because of the specificity of the situation in which the research has been applied although the
methods/tools evolved are often transferable.